Redoubts

Map 1785

Howlett’s Map of 1785 showing the Board of Ordnance lands at Stokes Bay with the six Redoubts

Redoubt

A plan of a typical Redoubt from a text book on Fortification.

In 1782 and 1783  a series of small fortified positions referred to as ’redoubts’ were constructed overlooking the beach at Stokes Bay.  A redoubt was defined as a defensive work without flank defence from its own ditches. The ones at Stokes Bay  were most likely constructed with a sea facing earth rampart, possible with some stone revetments, and  were numbered from west to east.  The sites were probably chosen where the maximum advantage could be obtained by siting them on the edge of the high ground or cliff that overlooked the Stokes Bay shingle beach and tidal marshes. They were constructed as a result of a recommendation by Lt. General Monckton to Lt. Colonel Archer that defensives lines should be ‘thrown up’ at Stokes Bay. It had long been recognised that the open shelving beach would afford a good landing place for any invasion of Portsmouth from its western side. Their locations, on today’s maps are:

  • No.1 South of Palmerston Way.
  • No.2 Alvercliff Drive.
  • No.3 The corner of Stokes Bay Road with Anglesey Road, south of Anglesey Lodge.
  • No.4 A short distance along Fort Road north of the later No.4 Battery of the Stokes Bay Lines.
  • No.5 The site of the later No.5 Battery of the Stokes Bay Lines.
  • No.6 South East of No.5 Battery overlooking the present day Golf Course.

 

Map 1810

Map showing the Redoubts in 1810

Map 1820

Board of Ordnance plan showing the Redoubts in 1820

Map 1890

War Department map of 1890 with ‘Battery, remains of’ in the gardens of Anglesey Lodge.

There were also three temporary redoubts which are mentioned in a compulsarily purchase act but do not appear on the maps showing the others.

  • No.7 near to the west bank of Gilklicker Lake.
  • No.8 south of the River Alver close to Bay house Road
  • No.9 west of Bay House.

In 1795 guns were issued to five of the redoubts. No.5 was left unarmed.

A Board of Ordnance map dated 1820 shows five of the redoubts but No. 4 is missing.
When the Stokes Bay Moat was constructed in 1860 the redoubts would have been superfluous, if they still existed by then. The site of No.3 was shown on an 1890 map as ‘Battery, remains of’ but today no trace can be seen of any of them.