Hasleworth Castle

Hasleworth or Hasil Worth Castle (spelling on maps back then was rather arbitrary) was erected on the point south of Gosport, at Stokes Bay, close to the place where the River Alver flowed into the sea at the ‘Great morass’, as part of Henry VIII’s programme of fortifying the south coast against possible invasion.
The first mention of the Castle at ‘Hasil worth’ is when Richard uvedale was appointed as its captain in 1545.

n Lent last the King, at the suit of my friend Sir Ric. Long, granted this bearer, my friend Mr. Uvedale, his Grace’s servant, the captainship of the new blockhouse or fortress upon the point of Hasil worth next Portesmouth, as Uvedale had served well at Boullongne last year. I beg your favour that he may obtain his suit and have his bill signed. Barbican,” 13 July 1545.

This was the year of the great naval battle at Spithead during which the Mary Rose sank. The famous Cowdray Print of 1545 shows it as a circular keep surrounded by a wall, but this print has the wrong shape for Southsea Castle  and therefore Hasil Worth Castle may not have been circular at all.

A section of the Cowdray Print of 1545. Hasilworth Castle is depicted at the extreme left.

 

A copy of a 1625 map shows it as square tower. An armament list of 1547 shows the castle to be much more lighly armed than the neaby Lymden’s Bulwark at Blockhouse Point.

Map from the British Library with Hasleworth as a square tower (this may be stylised rather than a true depiction of the castle)

There is a story that the castle was ‘beaten down’ when King Phillip of Spain sailed into Southampton in 1554 to marry Queen Mary and the castle failed to salute him, as did the others in the area. Burt’s map of 1587 (reproduced in 1890) shows it as ‘Hasleworth Castle beaten downe by King Philip’ and positions it close to the outlet of the River Alver where Fort Monckton is now.

Fabvoliere map 1625

Burt’s map of 1587 reproduced in 1890

King Edward VI showed great dissatisfaction with the repair as well as the location of the bulwark and forts flanking the harbour entrance after a visit in 1552, and it is likely that Haselworth Castle was scrapped, along with other outlying fortifications after a commission of survey was carried out by the Marquis of Winchester in 1556.

By 1628 it is mentioned in a document in Latin  as  a ‘Castle in ruins formerly called Hasleworth Castle’.

It is marked as a ‘ruin’ on a map of 1607 by Norden ‘Ruynes of Hasewoth Castle’. Blaeu’s map of 1645 labels it as ‘Worth Castle’ as does Jansson’s of 1646, Blome’s of 1673, Kitchen in 1751, Harrison in 1788. Following the appearance of Fort Monckton on maps the Castle is no longer indicated.

Norden 1607

 

Some have suggested that the original site was under Fort Blockhouse, others that it was where Haslar Hospital was built (note that Hasle, Hasel and Hasler or Haslar are similar) but the most likely site is at Fort Monckton. The remains were still visible until the late 18th Century but were probably obliterated by the construction of Fort Monckton.

The point at ‘Hasilworth’ seems to have changed to Gilkicker Point after the erection of the two sea marks, Gilkicker and Kickergill circa 1658.

Links to more information

http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/1275.html

http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=462029